One of the first, most obvious security practices that users are taught, is not to write down your password.
However, I have often come across code that contains secrets – written by developers who don’t know better.
- A session cookie is a password.
- A secure token is a password.
- An API key is a password.
- Anything called a ‘secret’ is a password.
Don’t store these in source control – and NEVER store these anywhere public searchable.
To access AWS (Amazon Web Services), Amazon provides you with an AWS key and secret. Together, these are equivalent to a username and password, used to access your AWS server instances.
If a malicious entity gets hold of your AWS key, they can potentially control your AWS instances, destroy them, re-purpose them, or use them in a CPU farm (which costs you money – potentially a LOT of money).
In the past few years there have been instances of AWS instances being hijacked and used as nodes in CPU farming, either used for distributed crypto attacks, DDoS attacks, mining for BitCoins, or sold on a timeshare basis on the dark-web. (See here, here, and here.)
If you have put any secrets onto GitHub at any point, consider them compromised and reset them as soon as possible. Don’t think for a second that just committing more code to replace your credentials will save you in any way – it most likely won’t. Your git commit history is still there. Git does that. (Yes there is a way to permanently remove commits from Git history, but it’s not a simple process, and your secrets have still been exposed.)
Also consider that if a nefarious entity has managed to get hold of your keys for just a minute, would that have given them access to your server, or your database, or even write-access to your codebase, to install some nefarious code for granting them access once again when you change your keys?
Keep your secrets in a separate config file on your server. Keep a copy of this config file somewhere safe, and private. Add this file to your
.gitignore file so it doesn’t accidentally get added to Git.
Keep your secrets, secret.